After protein is consumed, it is broken down directly in the stomach by the enzyme Protease; these enzymes break protein down into amino acid form. These amino acids are then used throughout the body; there are two different types of amino acids: Essential and Non-Essential amino acids.
Essential amino acids are Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Tryptophan, and Valine. These 9 amino acids can’t be produced by the body itself so they must be consumed through diet and supplementation.
Non-essential amino acids Alanine, Arginine, Asparagine, Aspartic acid, Cysteine, Glutamic acid, Glutamine, Glycine, Proline, Selenocysteine, Serine, Tyrosine. These non-essential amino acids are produced naturally inside the body from other amino acids or substances in nutrition.
Isolating and increasing certain amino acids like BCAA’s or branched chained amino acids through supplementation has proven to accelerate muscle recovery, muscle endurance and muscle growth. Today’s society is very draining on the body, people are working longer hours and sleeping less to maximize revenue, but this extreme lifestyle takes its toll on the body, on top of this people aren’t feeding their bodies the right nutrients during periods of immense muscle stress.
The three branched chained amino acids are Leucine, Isoleucine and valine, Leucine being the main BCAA and should always have the highest dose as it directly increases protein synthesis, during heavy exercise blood plasma containing BCAA’s is drastically decreased and resulting in an increase in Tryptophan and an increase in serotonin in the brain causing fatigue; therefore supplementing BCAA’s during exercise prevents this decrease and keeps the muscle anabolic and in a healthy state to maximize growth.